Knuckleboom Crane – Basic Operation and Safety
Knuckleboom Crane – Basic Operation and Safety

Knuckleboom Crane – Basic Operation and Safety

Areas of Study: Mining | Health and Safety

This course is based on the Hiab model 200C-3, which is typical of many knuckleboom cranes. It serves as a great base of training no matter which brand you have. Scissor lifts topics are covered where appropriate. Edumine and VISTA Training are collaborating on the delivery of online courses for mobile and heavy equipment operation, and safety training in mining.


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This course includes online delivery for one person and a VISTA Training Certificate of Completion after requirements are met. It is viewable for up to 60 days.

  • Audience Level:
  • Technical | New to Mining
  • Enrollment:
  • Not Applicable
  • Course Fee:
  • Not Available
  • Duration:
  • 2 hours

Course Summary


The purpose of this training course is to introduce the trainee to the truck-mounted knuckleboom crane and how to operate it safely. The content of this course is focused upon the Hiab model 200C-3 which has a rated load capacity of 7000 kilograms (15,432 pounds), but the principles it covers can be applied to many makes of knuckleboom cranes.

Course Topics

  • Lesson 1 covers general safety, including how to keep a logbook, maintenance requirements, "work area" controls, hazardous conditions to be aware of, and items to consider before making the final lift decision.
  • Lesson 2 highlights the main components of the Hiab 200C-3, which is typical of many knuckleboom cranes. At the end of the lesson, trainees will be able to identify the structure, the base, the outrigger legs and extensions, boom sections, the basic hydraulic system, and the control valves and cylinders.
  • Lesson 3 explains machine control levers that are found on the crane. Trainees are also taught how to properly engage and set the PTO for crane operation. They'll be able to identify the location of the controls that operate both the crane functions and the outrigger extensions, as well as describe the function of each lever found on the control valve block.
  • Lesson 4 details the pre-use inspection of the crane typically required by occupational safety and health agencies before operation is permitted. This lesson discusses the process step-by-step.
  • Lesson 5 is about lift preparation. Careful planning of each lift is critical to its safety and success. This lesson covers lift communication, what a lift plan is, truck positioning, unfolding the crane, and load weight. Load charts are also explained using examples, which makes them easy to understand.
  • Lesson 6 shows trainees the various steps to consider at each phase of a lift. Specific requirements are covered, as well as explanations of lifting accessories, the use of a spotter, tag lines, testing the lift and moving the load.
  • Lesson 7 shows what to do when it's time to pack-up and move on to the next lifting task.

Learning Outcomes

  • Identify and recognize knuckleboom crane features, functions and major components.
  • Identify key safety topics related to pre-use inspection and start up and shut down.
  • Identify the steps for safe, efficient and productive operation of the knuckleboom crane.

Recommended Background

  • Although we recommend that you take the following prerequisite courses, this course is suitable for anyone with an interest in equipment operation and safety.
  • Recommended prerequisite courses: Heavy Equipment – Introduction and Safety, and Heavy Equipment – Pre-Use Inspection.

VISTA Training

The Silver Series™ of web-based equipment operator training courses was created by VISTA Training of Wisconsin, USA. Each course in the Silver Series™ provides convenient on-demand online access to training on many types of heavy and light equipment. These courses are designed to help trainees become proficient and safe equipment operators, and make it easy for mines, contractors and fleet owners to schedule training when and where it's most convenient for them. They're also ideal for smaller entities that may only need to train a handful of new people per year (e.g. OSHA- or OHSA- or MSHA-related training). Many also use these courses as refresher training for their "experienced" operators. This helps create consistency among the entire team.

These self-study courses focus on how to productively and safely perform common tasks in a mine or around a jobsite. At the end of each course, an integrated test provides an accurate measure of how much knowledge has been retained. Trainees are also able to print a certificate of completion, customized with their name and test score as well as a report showing any incorrectly answered test questions.