Since the early 1990s, Gary MacDonald has helped clients around the world engage with communities undergoing complex social change. A former journalist, he has provided senior counsel in the area of social management systems and issues to a wide range of clients, including extractive resource and development companies working in emerging economies. He has provided training on a variety of social performance issues and areas—from building and maintaining relationships with Indigenous Peoples to managing crisis response in conflict situations—with small, specialized groups as well as part of a team of trainers in larger seminars. He was the first Director of Social Development with Newmont Mining Corporation, where he was instrumental in developing the company's global policies in the areas of human rights and community engagement and represented it on a number of international initiatives focused on building transparency. He has direct experience as a line manager in extractive projects encountering conflict. Gary has extensive experience conducting and directing teams undertaking complex due diligence assessments, including assignments for the EBRD in Mongolia, for FMO in Vietnam, for EDC and US EXIM in Argentina and Chile, among others. As a journalist he has written hundreds of articles and spent time covering issues related to resource disputes involving Canadian First Nations. He speaks frequently at conferences and seminars. Gary is a Canadian citizen resident in France and is one of the founders of Monkey Forest.